Blog about animals
Selected the best cow in Germany
Fishing ban proposed near Rockall after rare scientific finds
Life and death on the riverbank
Baboon shot dead after escaping from Knowsley Safari Park
Birdwatch: Peregrine falcon
Iceland's fin whales are endangered. Stop this bloody cull
The pitfalls of elderly dog insurance
Valley where Edward Carpenter, gay rights campaigner and socialist, walked
Green groups warn government of national parks hunting backlash
Demand for ivory destabilising central Africa
Dog walker found neighbour trampled by cows, inquest hears
Cat stands for election in Mexican city
I hear some hip cat's running for mayor in Mexico. That gives me an idea
Wader chick fever grips birds and spotters alike
Philippines destroys five tonnes of elephant tusks
The Dwyfor is surely one of the loveliest of Welsh rivers
New to nature No 107: Typhochlaena costae
How to beat the midges this summer
Controversial herring gull cull gets green light
Whaling's day in court is a sea change for conservation
Australia censures Japan for 'scientific' whaling
The young red deer stags were on their hind legs boxing, just like hares
Our garden's blackbirds started their nest-building early this year
UK wildlife and nature hit hard by erratic weather
  Secret badger shoots pose 'a risk to public safety'
The government has refused to publish risk assessments of danger to the public during England's imminent night-time badger shoots because doing so "could have an adverse affect upon the health and safety of the public", the Observer can reveal.

The police have previously warned of the "clear potential for harm to public safety" but the location and timing of the culls remain a closely guarded secret, which campaigners say puts those vaccinating badgers or patrolling for wounded animals at grave risk.

Environment secretary Owen Paterson, who has argued against the shooting of foxes as an alternative to hunting with dogs, said: "It is highly unlikely that any government would wish to see a proliferation of rifles in the countryside."

The shooting of about 5,000 free- running badgers is set to begin at any time in pilot cull areas in Somerset and Gloucestershire. The culls are part of the government's effort to curb the rise in tuberculosis in cattle, which saw 28,000 cattle slaughtered in 2012 at a cost of £100m to taxpayers. But eminent scientists have dismissed the culls as "mindless" and warn that they may make matters worse as badgers flee the shoots.

Campaigners requested the publication of the risk assessments under freedom of information rules, but the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs refused, stating: "Disclosure of this information would impact adversely upon the protection of the public, e.g. from acts of sabotage, and could have an adverse effect upon the health and safety of the public."

Avon and Somerset Police also refused, stating: "Public safety is of paramount importance and there may be occasions when the release of information concerning public safety may not actually be in the public's interest."

George Kearton, from campaign group Badger Rescue and Vaccination Everywhere, who made the FOI requests, said: "In the cull zones there is no information available locally about where the actual shooting is to take place, even if the farms concerned are immediately next to village housing areas. We have yet to see any consideration or reassurance given to the people of this country as regards their safety and that of their children and pets."

A previously released Defra document stated "no shooter will have prior experience of shooting badgers" and "some shots may completely miss the animal".

Mark Jones, executive director of Humane Society International/UK, said: "Allowing pot shots with high-velocity rifles at moving badgers in the dark self-evidently poses a serious risk to human safety. Their rifles have a range of a mile or more, so if they miss their target, where are the bullets going to go?"

A spokeswoman for Defra said: "We will not release the exact cull zone location in order to protect people taking part in badger control. The professionals taking part in the cull will adhere to strict firearms safety, hold the right firearms licence and pass a specific, government-approved training course. [Shooting] is an accepted method of disease control already used [for] other species, such as deer and wild boar."

She added: "There is no reason why people cannot continue to enjoy the countryside as normal. Marksmen will not shoot if people are in the area."

Paterson has been a steadfast supporter of badger culling as part of a TB eradication strategy. But in May 2000 he wrote to the Burns Inquiry into fox hunting with dogs and argued that shooting foxes was not a viable alternative method of control. "Animal welfare groups talk about marksmen; however, it is highly unlikely that any government would wish to see a proliferation of rifles in the countryside," he wrote. At the time several animal welfare groups were advocating that shooting foxes should replace hunting.

Paterson also addressed policing: "I am convinced that the [rural] police simply do not have the resources to enforce a ban on hunting.

"In Welsh border areas, where feelings run extremely high, I have been told many times that people will resort to civil disobedience."

The high expected cost of policing the badger cull means it will be more expensive than a vaccination programme, according to some experts.

Mary Creagh, Labour's shadow environment secretary, said: "Owen Paterson warned against 'a proliferation of rifles in the countryside' when fox hunting was to be banned, but apparently thinks it is fine for the badger cull. The police have significant concerns that the badger cull could present a risk to the public safety of tourists, ramblers and protesters."
'Wild' animals in travelling circuses benefit no one
The intoxicated world of the spotted flycatcher
Fishing quotas can be redistributed to favour smaller vessels high court
Madagascar battling worst locust plague since 1950s
A broody sparrow meets his match
Climate change is happening too quickly for species to adapt
The weird and wonderful world of the naked mole rat
Australian woman seriously injured during Spanish bull run
Spain's endangered Iberian lynx brought back from brink of extinction
One man and his sniffer dog help tackle Germany's hidden drug problem
The hotel that only takes dogs
T rex tooth found embedded in prey, restoring dinosaur's reputation
Bog cotton covers the summer Peak District moors in snow
Lifelike after death: the intricacies of a taxidermist's craft
The six-spot burnet moths complete their transformation
Research on animals in UK rises by 8% to exceed 4m procedures
Animal testing it's time to talk about it again
A pair of lithe animals are tumbling across the grass within feet of me
New to nature no 109: Anochetus hohenbergiae
England's ceremonial mayors eschew fur to support animal rights
Birdwatch: Corn bunting
Madrid declares war on plague of raccoon and parrot invaders
Snow leopards and wild yaks becoming 'fashion victims'
Horn seizure prompts rhinos warning
Threatened seabirds 'neglected' in plans for Scottish marine protected areas
Los Angeles campgrounds closed after plague-infected squirrel found
Only when I look down at the last second do I see it. I recoil instinctively
China's wine boom of little profit to giant pandas and small farmers
Let's not martyr the white-throated needletail to the anti-wind cause
Grasshopper breeder up for design award and educating western palates
Spanish national park could lose Unesco status over illegal boreholes
Dog mauls boy at primary school in Northern Ireland
Our dog walks are punctuated by the corn bunting's jingling ringtone
End in sight for painful branding of semi-wild moorland ponies
New to nature No 108: Carlia decora
Penguins support gorillas as biscuit makers respond to palm oil threat
Measuring carbon age in ivory could help combat poaching, study shows
How to survive a seagull attack
A walk by the river triggers memories of a bygone age
Whales flee from military sonar leading to mass strandings, research shows
Down among the grass stems, a ball of recently hatched orb-web spiderlings
Owen Paterson vows to rid England of bovine TB with badger culls
Gassing of badgers considered in plan to eradicate TB in cattle
Visitors to the Pamplona bull run have blood on their hands
Bats: they've never had it so good
These dew ponds have been on the Downs possibly since medieval times
Australian bushman claims to have footage of legendary night parrot
Secret badger shoots pose 'a risk to public safety'
Cheshire police seize dog believed to have killed Pomeranian
Whale watching season is back - but how close is too close?
Plan to ban wild animals in travelling circuses 'goes too far'
Morrissey donates Channel 4 payout to Peta campaign against foie gras
Visit Statistics